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يونيو

انواع الهاكرز

انواع الهاكرز وايه اللى بيعملوه؟!
[*] Whitehat: الهاكرز ذوى القبعات البيضاء دول نوع من الهاكرز بيحاول يكسر قيود الحماية والامان بس لأسباب الابلاغ عنها واصلاحها مش لأسباب خبيثه خالص ودا علشان يختبر قوة النظام الامنيه وبيقوم بعمل اختبار الاختراق وتقييم نقاط الضعف بشكل متفق ومتعاقد عليه من قبل.
[*] تعريف ويكيبيديا له:
A white hat hacker breaks security for non-malicious reasons, perhaps to test their own security system or while working for a security company which makes security software. The term “white hat” in Internet slang refers to an ethical hacker. This classification also includes individuals who perform penetration tests and vulnerability assessments within a contractual agreement. The EC-Council, also known as the International Council of Electronic Commerce Consultants, is one of those organizations that have developed certifications, courseware, classes, and online training covering the diverse arena of ethical hacking
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[*] Blackhat: دا على عكس ال White تماما، ومش محتاج تعريف غير انه بيخترق علشان يسرق وخرب ويعمل بلاوى.
[*] تعريف ويكيبيديا له:
A “black hat” hacker is a hacker who “violates computer security for little reason beyond maliciousness or for personal gain” (Moore, 2005).[9] Black hat hackers form the stereotypical, illegal hacking groups often portrayed in popular culture, and are “the epitome of all that the public fears in a computer criminal”. Black hat hackers break into secure networks to destroy, modify, or steal data; or to make the network unusable for those who are authorized to use the network. Black hat hackers are also referred to as the “crackers” within the security industry and by modern programmers. Crackers keep the awareness of the vulnerabilities to themselves and do not notify the general public or the manufacturer for patches to be applied. Individual freedom and accessibility is promoted over privacy and security. Once they have gained control over a system, they may apply patches or fixes to the system only to keep their reigning control. Richard Stallman invented the definition to express the maliciousness of a criminal hacker versus a white hat hacker who performs hacking duties to identify places to repair.
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[*] Greyhat: دا بقى وسط الاتنين السالف ذكرهم، بمعنى انه بيخترق النظام او التطبيق علشان يعرف صاحب التطبيق او الجهه المسؤوله عنه ان عندهم ثغرات ومشاكل بل وبيعرض عليهم بعد كدا انه يساعد فى سدها بشكل مجانى
[*] تعريف ويكيبيديا له:
A grey hat hacker lies between a black hat and a white hat hacker. A grey hat hacker may surf the Internet and hack into a computer system for the sole purpose of notifying the administrator that their system has a security defect, for example. They may then offer to correct the defect for a fee. Grey hat hackers sometimes find the defect of a system and publish the facts to the world instead of a group of people. Even though grey hat hackers do not perform hacking for their personal gain, unauthorized access to a system can be considered illegal and unethical.
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[*] Bluehat: دا بقى الشخص اللى بيبقى من خارج الشركة او المؤسسه او المنشأه بيتم استخدامه علشان يعمل اختبار للانظمه او التطبيقات قبل اطلاقها بشكل عام علشان يتم اصلاحها.
[*] تعريف ويكيبيديا له:
A blue hat hacker is someone outside computer security consulting firms who is used to bug-test a system prior to its launch, looking for exploits so they can be closed. Microsoft also uses the term BlueHat to represent a series of security briefing events
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[*] Elite hacker: دى عبارة عن وصف حالة مجتمعيه بمعنى ان الاليت دا من اخير الهاكرز الموهوبين
[*] تعريق ويكيبيديا له:
A social status among hackers, elite is used to describe the most skilled. Newly discovered exploits circulate among these hackers. Elite groups such as Masters of Deception conferred a kind of credibility on their members.
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[*] Script kiddie: بالبلدى “اطفال الهاكر” واحد مبيعرفش اى شئ فى اى شئ غير انه لقى سكربت او تطبيق او شفره وقرأ دليل استخدامها وبالتالى استخدمها لكن فى مجملها ميعرفش تفاصيل، على الاغلب مستخدمى الادوات الاوتوماتيكيه بيطلق عليهم التعريف دا
[*] تعريف ويكيبيديا له:
A script kiddie (also known as a skid or skiddie) is an unskilled hacker who breaks into computer systems by using automated tools written by others (usually by other black hat hackers), hence the term script (i.e. a prearranged plan or set of activities) kiddie (i.e. kid, child—an individual lacking knowledge and experience, immature) usually with little understanding of the underlying concept.
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[*] Neophyte: الـ Noob او الـ Newbie ودا الشخص الجديد او الشخص اللى لا يعرف ولا حاجه عن الهاكينج او التكنولوجيا المستخدمه، بيطلق عليه بردو The 0 Knowledge guy او الشخص اللى معلوماته صفر.
[*] تعريف ويكيبيديا له:
A neophyte (“newbie”, or “noob”) is someone who is new to hacking or phreaking and has almost no knowledge or experience of the workings of technology and hacking.[10]
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[*] Hacktivist: هاكر ذو سمات وطبيعة مجتمعية، بيخترق من اجل نشر اهداف كتيره مختلفه منها السياسية والدينيه والفكرية وبردو له نوعين، نوع شرير والنوع الاخر بيخدم حرية المعلومات.
[*] تعريف ويكيبيديا له:
A hacktivist is a hacker who utilizes technology to publicize a social, ideological, religious or political message.
Hacktivism can be divided into two main groups:
Cyberterrorism — Activities involving website defacement or denial-of-service attacks; and,
Freedom of information — Making information that is not public, or is public in non-machine-readable formats, accessible to the public.
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